World War I in ’Iolani School Archives
World War I, or the Great War, lasted from 1914 to 1918. Among other notable events, it is known for advancement in military technology and unprecedented loss. After initially remaining neutral, the United States fought as part of the Allied Powers beginning in 1917. Those enlisted in military service included a number of ’Iolani School faculty and students.
- Scrapbooks Collection
Adding to the richness of archival holdings are scrapbooks created by faculty members during their tenure at ’Iolani School. Two scrapbooks capture life in 1917 to 1918 through photographs and narrative. "... You see we were at war with Germany and so needed very much sugar. Most of the men having gone to fight we decided to take their place, so we joined the U.S. Boy's Working Reserve..." (Rogers scrapbook, August 1917- October 1918).
- Father Bray Collection
The Bray Collection includes four, 8 in. by 23 in. frames with sketches and remarks created by Fr. Bray of his observations during his time in France as a member of the American Expeditionary Forces, circa 1917 to 1918, prior to his term of employment with ’Iolani School.
Other resources in the ’Iolani School Archives
- Villers, Ernest G. A History of Iolani School. June 1940.
Faculty member Mr. Villers wrote a history of the beginnings of ’Iolani School as a master's thesis. Life at the school from 1913 to 1920 is covered in "Chapter V: Iolani Under American Direction" on pages 96 - 108 including a list of students and teachers involved in military service.
Related Online Collections
- Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I)
National Archives and Records Administration, Records of Divisions, 1917-1920, RG 120
National Archives Identifier: 301641
Personal narratives written by WWI servicemen after their return from the front.
"This series consists of unit histories, station lists, operations reports, messages, field orders, correspondence, general orders, special orders, bulletins, and memorandums that document the service of each American Expeditionary Forces combat division during its participation in World War I." A description of this record series can be found here.
- Hawaiian Church Chronicle
Digitized through eVols at UH Manoa. See Episcopal life in issues published during the war years including reports about church schools; a position piece on the war in the August 1914 edition; and comments about the Allied victory in the November 1918 edition.
- Hawai’i State Archives, Digital Collections, Photograph Collection
Type the call number in the left search box for partial holdings of photographs for:
PARADES: Armistice Day (call no. PP-62-12)
PARADES: Liberty Day, 1918, Liberty/Victory Loan (call no. PP-64-3)
- "World War I," DocsTeach
Primary sources by topic and teaching activities.
Related Archival Collections Beyond ’Iolani
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Guide compiled by Georgina Tom, Archivist, August 2017.